Industry in Morocco
Morocco has one of Africa's leading mining industries.
Its oil industry is also an important sub-sector in the economy of the country.
It has two oil refineries at Sidi Kacem and at Mohammedia.
In addition to its oil industry, Morocco has an active chemicals industry, as
well as being one of the larger markets in the African lubricants industry.
|Morocco is today one of the developing countries, with industrial
exports accounting for 70% of total exports. The value added of processing industries
posted in 1996 a 2.6% increase against 3.7% in 1995 and accounted therefore for
Morocco, which used to import its total needs of sugar after independence, produces
presently more than 438,000 tons, which is half of the national consumption which
reached 889,000 tons in 1996.
In 1996, the production of flour and pasta progressed by 3.9% against 1.4% in
1995. Industrial flour mills ground 26.5 million quintals of soft wheat, producing
20 million quintals of flour, including 9.5 million quintals of subsidised flour.
Milk is processed and conditioned by co-operatives based in various production
areas in Casablanca, Agadir, El Jadida, Fes, Marrakesh, Kenitra, Oujda, Tetouan
and Fkih Ben Salah. The quantities of produced pasteurised milk were estimated
at 4.05 million hectolitres, or half of the local milk production. This quantity
is 26% higher.
Textile and leather industry
The sector of textile and industry which accounts for 22% of the industrial production
index is mainly destined to exportation, accounting for 42% of the total industrial
exports. The sector employs 41% of the industry labour force.
Morocco has 9 cement plants located in Casablanca, Tangiers, Agadir, Meknes, Tetouan,
Marrakesh, Oujda and Temara. Cement production posted a 3% increase, from 6,399,000
tons in 1995 to 6.6 million tons in 1996.
It is witnessing a new takeoff thanks to the development of the phosphates richness
that Morocco boasts. tons. Parachemical industry It comprises a set of limited
processing activities of transformation and conditioning for the local market.
Among these activities, pharmaceutical industry holds an important rank with 18
The launching of the low-cost car, the reduction of the importation customs duties
for new cars, and the enforcement of a new tax basis for second-hand cars are
all factors that have contributed significantly to the development of new car